EFY Times  
Monday, December 22, 2014

 
GO
 
 

Important Shortcuts For Linux Beginners
 
Home >> Infotech >> Trends
 
Important Shortcuts For Linux Beginners  
 
Learning these shortcuts can make it very easy for beginners to learn Linux further.   
Rate this news:  (11 Votes)
Wednesday, August 21, 2013 When working on Linux, there are some commands, which can make your life a lot simpler. Without them, life can be just as difficult.

Linux, open source, linux commands, linux shortcuts, linux tips, linux shortcuts for beginners, linux commands for beginners, beginner commands in linux, linux shortcuts,




Ctrl + Alt + F1

You would already know that Linux can support various terminals. This command helps you move to the first terminal from wherever you are.

Ctrl + Alt + Fn (n=1..6)

In the standard setup, Linux can support a total of 6 terminals. This command lets you move to the terminal of your choice.

tty
This command is used to print the name of the terminal that you are currently using.

Ctrl + Alt + F7
This command is used to move to the graphical user interface terminal.

Ctrl + Alt + Fn (n=7..12)
This command helps the user go to the desired graphical user interface terminal. As a default setup, these terminals aren’t running anything, but one can use them to run a different server.

Tab
When you’re using a text terminal, you can use this command to autocomplete a command. If there is only one option, then the command is completed automatically, else it shows all the options that are available.

ArrowUp
This is used to scroll up and edit the command history. You need to press enter in order to execute this.

Shift + PgUp
This one scrolls the terminal output upwards. It also works on the login prompt, thereby allowing the user to scroll through whatever messages there are during bootup.

Shift + PgDown
Same as above, just scroll downwards.

Ctrl + Alt + +
In the X-windows system, this command is used to change the resolution of the next X-server, if it has been set to multiple resolutions.

Ctrl + Alt + -
This is the opposite of the above command. You use this to change to the previousX-server resolution.

Ctrl + Alt + BkSpc
In the event that the X-windows server that you were using has crashed and there is no way to exit it, this command helps you kill the said X-windows server in such a situation.

Ctrl + Alt + Del
When you’re at the text-mode console, this is the normal shut down command. It shuts the system down and reboots it.

Ctrl + c
This command shuts down the process that is currently running.

Ctrl + d
This command is used in order to logout from the terminal that you are on.

Ctrl + d
This command sends the [End-of-file] to the process that is running. Pressing it twice makes you log out of the system as well.

Ctrl + s
You use this command if you want to stop a transfer to a terminal.

Ctrl + q
If the terminal you’re working on stops responding then this command can help resume the transfer to the said terminal.

Ctrl + z
This command is used to shift the process that is currently running to the background.

exit
This is an alternate command for ‘logout’. It is used to log out of the system.

reset
This command is used to restore to default setting, a terminal that is screwed up. This means that it is displaying odd characters. The command is sometimes invisible when you’re typing it.

MiddleMouseButton
This is how you carry out the copy-paste function in Linux. The command is used best when you have a Linux-enabled three button mouse.

~(tilde)
This command takes you back to the home directory.

. (dot)
This command is for the current directory. A command such as ./the_program is going to try and run the file the_program.

.. (two dots)
This command changes the current directory into the parent directory.

Source: UnixGuide

Prasid Banerjee, EFYTIMES News Network


Print Email Post Comment  (5)
(Total Views: 17632)
 
Share

 
 

5 Comments

jcubic   483 days ago

your dot is not the command but part of the path the same as two dots and dot is real command which is the same as source.
Reply  
Dude   482 days ago

Ctrl u to erase a line in CLI.... awesome shortcut.
Reply  
Claus   487 days ago

Beginners should not work with cli not needed for beginners Stating that these commands are needed might even scare possible newe user off making them think linux really needs work on the command line in order to work which is ofcourse not true.
Reply   2 Replies
Bart   483 days ago

Agreed geeks get way too technical about linux when the average user just wants to know how to logon to Facebook. Its articles like this scaring potential new linux users away.
Reply  
logoff   483 days ago

Command line should be used by everybody beginners or experts.
Reply  
 
Infotech News
   
IT Sector To Witness 18 Per Cent Increase In Hiring During FY 2015-16
Dharavi Girls Create Innovative Mobile Apps To Improve Their Quality Of Life!
Google To Start Own Campus In Hyderabad!
Xiaomi Redmi 1S Back For Sale On 23 December, Registrations Are On!
Moto X (Gen 2) 32 GB Variant Goes On Sale In India, Starting @ Rs 30,000
 
 
 
     
     
     
     
     
     
Most popular
 

Daily

Weekly

Human Error: The Culprit For November Microsoft Azure Outage
Human Error: The Culprit For November Microsoft Azure Outage
Google Releases Cardboard VR SDK, That Can Turn Your Smartphone Into A VR Machine
TCS May Give Pink Slips To Its Employees
10 Tips To Write A Better Resume For An IT Job!
5 Must-Know Basic Electronics Skills!
Want To Learn Programming Faster? Try These Project Ideas!
Biostar Announces A70MGP Socket FM2+ Motherboard
Top 10 Incredible But Not-So-Famous Google Tools
25 Cities In India To Get Public Wi-Fi Facility!
CA Technologies Helps Customers Stimulate App User Loyalty With APM Solution Designed For Simplicity, Mobility And DevOps Velocity
WordPress Is Under Attack Again!
8 Tools To Boost Your Productivity At Work!
When US President Barack Obama Tried Writing His First Line Of Code...
Top 8 MySQL GUI Tools
Coming Soon: WhatsApp For Your Desktop!
Linux Desktop Environment Is Not As Safe As You May Think!
 
   

Overall

Features
6 Innovative Ways To Manage Your Emails!
Are you tired of organising your emails on a regular basis? These tools can help you ease the boring process!...
Top 8 Innovative Indian Startups!
These unique startups from India have great social aspect and they are solving a real-world problem in the country....
10 Tips To Write A Better Resume For An IT Job!
Looking for a job? Is your resume good enough? Let's find out....
5 Signs That Microsoft Is Making Azure An Enterprise Hybrid Cloud
The company's recent developments prove the future of Azure Cloud Services platform....
6 Hottest IT Skills For 2015
Aiming to get a good job in 2015? You must have the following skills!...
Debian Vs Ubuntu: Here Are The Changes Made In Last 10 Years!
Find out the historical differences made in both Linux systems over the period of past 10 years....
These Linux Desktops Have Better UI and UX As Compared To Windows And Mac!
When people think about Linux, they picture the old desktop PC with command line but, this picture has changed over the years....
Top 8 MySQL GUI Tools
This useful list of MySQL GUI tools can help you with your database management....
5 Must-Know Basic Electronics Skills!
These video tutorials can help you learn important DIY electronic skills!...
5 Myths And Mistakes Coding Job Seekers Do!
Here are the 5 mistakes and 5 myths that coding job hunters often end up doing!...
5 Misconceptions About Git That Developers Have!
The popular and flexible VCS platform Git is still criticized by few developers, courtesy the misconceptions!...
6 Useful Tips For First-Time Web App Developers!
Developing your first web app? This guide will help you to work smart....
Top 8 Open Source Applications And Projects Of 2014
Here is the list of top 8 cool open-source apps of the year....
7 Stages Of Drupal Learning Curve!
Drupal is hard, but Drupal is awesome! You can learn Drupal after crossing seven certain stages....
Top 12 ASP .NET based CMS Platforms
Building a website using CMS platform is easy if you are using the right CMS for your needs....
 
  View All
Dialogue
 
10 Questions That Google Never Asks While Hiring!
Here is a list of 10 questions that Google just banned from their interviews....
For Enjay, Open Source Technology Is A Way Of Life
An entirely open source-based company, Enjay IT Solutions, has built itself a reputation in the OSS domain....
Switching To Tizen Doesn’t Mean We Are Abandoning Android: Samsung
The company has worked to build Tizen up from scratch and has now introduced it to developers and the general public with its latest range of wearable...
Venturing Into The Cloud? Develop A Customised Cloud Strategy First!
Diksha P Gupta speaks to Rushikesh Jadhav, cloud evangelist, ESDS Software Solution Pvt Ltd, on how the cloud has changed the way compan...
HTC Is Strong And There Are No Plans Of Sale Now Or In Future, Says HTC's Senior Director-Marketing
Atithya Amaresh from EFYTimes had an exclusive chat with Sirpa H. Ikola, senior director, Marketing, South Asia, HTC about its devices and its plans w...
   
  View All
Videos
 
First Look: LG Optimus G
The phone sports a high-end display and comes powered by a powerful processor. ...
Create QR-Codes For Free
TEC-IT releases the freeware QR-Code Studio to provide a quick and convenient way of QR code creation for every application scenario....
DoT Secretary Shares Plans For Growth Of Telecom Sector
M.F. Farooqui has recently taken charge as secretary, Department of Telecom....
Hands-On: Sony Xperia Z
Xperia Z is Sony's first entrant model in the big-screen smartphone category. ...
Hands On: Videocon A30 Smartphone
Videocon, the consumer electronics company which is known for its refrigerators, washing machine and air-conditioner has unveiled its Android-based sm...
   
View All
   
 
IFA 2014
 
IFA 2014: LG Launches 34-Inches Curved Monitor
The company is yet to confirm price and availability of the device....
IFA 2014: Intel Launches First Core M Range Of Processors
This range of processors is tailor-made for 2-in-1 devices which include a tablet and a laptop....
MWC 2014: Tablet Lets People Feel Textures On Its Screen
Now feel what you see on your tablet, by way of ultrasonic waves....
MWC 2014: 4K Android Tablet Games To Kill Consoles, iPad
Tablet makers like Samsung want to beat the iPad by making 4K tabs. ...
MWC 2014: This Vodafone Backpack Helps Get Network In Disaster Situations
Two engineers of Vodafone New Zealand displayed the "mini" mobile network by Vodafone substructure in a backpack. ...
MWC 2014: Wilocity Chipset To Bring 'Lightening' Speed To Mobile Phones
Wilocity has developed a WiGig chipset for mobile phones that will bring lightning-fast wireless capability ...
MWC 2014: Samsung Introduces Octacore, Hexacore Chipsets
The Korean giant, Samsung unveiled two new octacore and hexacore chipsets at MWC 2014, in Barcelona. The company previously used Exynos 5 Octa 5410 ch...
   
View All
   
 
Events
 
19th Consumer Electronic Imaging Fair To Be Held On ...

View All
   
   
 
 

home archives contact us advertise with us
           
Magazines Portals Directories Events News Verticals Educational Institute  
Electronics for You
Open Source for You
Electronics Bazaar
electronicsforu.com
efytimes.com
opensourceforu.com
electronicsb2b.com
Electronics Annual Guide
EFY EXPO INDIA
EFY EXPO WEST
ELECTRONICS ROCKS
EFY Awards
OSIDAYS Expo
Electronics
Infotech
Linux & Open Source
Consumer Electronics
Science & Technology
BPO
EFY Techcenter

Educational Kits
Kitsnspares.com  
 
 
© Copyright 2014 EFY Enterprises Pvt. Ltd.
All rights reserved. Reproduction in whole or in part in any form or medium without written permission is prohibited.
Usage of the content from the web site is subject to Terms and Conditions