EFY Times  
Tuesday, December 01, 2015

Indian Govt Takes The Open Source Route
Home >> Infotech >> Policy And Regulation
Indian Govt Takes The Open Source Route  
The Indian Government has been talking of the open source-based systems for long, but for the first time it is working on a policy on the use of operating systems and device drivers in all new e-governance projects.   
Rate this news:  (12 Votes)
Friday, July 08, 2011 According to the latest draft policy on e-governance, all new projects must work on open source operating systems only. The draft Policy On Device Drivers For Procurement Of Hardware For e-governance says, “Government of India (GOI) endeavours to provide e-governance services, which are technology-neutral, cost effective, interoperable and vendor-neutral. GOI Policy on open standards is a step towards meeting this objective in the development of e-governance applications.” The policy shall apply to all the new e-governance projects as well as the existing ones.


The need for such a policy was felt because while implementing open source, there is a possibility of non-availability of device drivers for all general purpose operating systems. “Hence, there is a need for a policy by GOI for procurement of computers and associated peripherals to empower the implementation of e-governance projects with neutrality to all general purpose OS,” states the draft.

The draft clarifies the reason for covering both computers and peripherals. According to the document, most parts of the computer, in general, work with the recent stable versions of Windows and Linux operating systems. However, some of the devices internal to computers may require drivers, which should adhere. The policy has to be applicable to them also, for example, webcam, inbuilt speakers. Other devices (like printer, scanner) are external to computers. Hence both computers and peripherals are covered in the policy, in addition to the drivers of external peripherals to ensure the complete-working of the computer system.

The Department of Information Technology (DIT) has demanded the following from the original equipment manufacturers (OEMs).
1. The computers shall be capable of running on all general purpose operating systems.
2. OEMs shall provide drivers for computers and peripherals, which are capable of running on all general purpose OS.
3. The drivers of computers and peripherals for GNU/Linux (one of the general purpose OS) shall satisfy any of the following conditions:

a. The source code, build procedure and installation instructions for the drivers must be made available as per any of the open source software (OSS) licences listed. Computers and peripherals must be operational using these drivers in the latest stable Linux-kernel. It implies that in case, the source code, build procedure and installation instructions for the drivers are made available as per any of the open source software licences listed in the policy, and if these are accepted in the latest stable Linux-kernel, then it is expected to work in any of the Linux-distributions.

b. The source code, build procedure and installation instructions for the drivers must comply with LSB-3.0 or higher versions and accepted by any of the Linux-distributions. The compliance with LSB-3.0 or higher versions is opted because the current stable version of Debian distribution (Version 6.0 Squeeze) is compliant with LSB Version 3.2, and not LSB Version 4.0.

c. In case only binaries are made available for the drivers, then they shall be Linux-compatible; in addition, kernel dependent binaries must adhere to the specifications of the latest stable Linux-Kernel.

As mentioned above, the adherence to any one of the three conditions is sufficient when considering Linux OS. The reason cited for this is: "The source code of the device driver for the Linux operating system is made available through two approaches, (a) under open source licences (b) LSB compliance, as indicated in the policy. From any of the two approaches, binary for the device driver can be built. Third approach is to use the binary of the device driver provided by the vendor as per the policy requirements."

The open source licences demanded in the policy are:
1. Apache License, Version 2.0
2. Eclipse Public License- v 1.0
3. European Union Public License (EUPL v.1.1)
4. GNU General Public License, version 2 (GPLv2)
5. GNU General Public License, version 3 (GPLv3)
6. Mozilla Public License 1.1 (MPL 1.1)
7. The BSD License
8. The GNU Lesser General Public License, version 2.1 (LGPLv2.1)
9. The GNU Lesser General Public License, version 3.0 (LGPLv3)
10. The MIT License
11. Any other licence which gives freedom to copy, modify and redistribute driver source code without any restrictions.

The draft policy clarifies the demand for so many open source licences. It says, “The widely used OSS licences are listed along with generic open source software licence which gives freedom to copy, modify and redistribute driver source code without any restrictions. Hence the driver is made available by building the executable from the available source-code under any one of the listed licences.”

Watch out this space for industry review on the draft policy!

--Diksha P. Gupta

Print Email Post Comment  (1)
(Total Views: 12506)



Akshay   1605 days ago

Great news! Well, is there any sort of reference to any official document or press release by the govt?
Infotech News
VWO Acquires Navilytics
Dell Refreshes Its OptiPlex Desktop Lineup
MNRE Takes Us By Surprise: 30 Per Cent Subsidy Back In Solar
India, France to unveil global solar alliance
Most popular



5 Most Powerful People In Tech World
ASE Receives 2015 Taiwan Corporate Sustainability Awards
Top 5 Products Open Sourced By Tech Giants
4 Chrome Extensions To Get The Most Out Of Gmail
5 Hidden Features Of Android Smartphone
Top 5 Smartphones That You Can Buy Under Rs 7,000
13 Run Prompt Shortcuts That You Must Know
8 Facebook Tricks That You Must Know
Samsung Pay Adds Eight More Credit And Debit Card Issuers Including Chase
Top 5 Games For Android Smartphones
Intex, Micromax claim 2nd spot in smartphone market
Sophos appoints Kuldeep Raina as Country Manager, India and SAARC
SC asks Vodafone to pay INR 2,000 crore for merger
Titan ties up with HP to launch smart watches
Top 10 Best Black Friday TV Deals 2015 Have Been Released By Hideal.net
Singapore IT firm to increase foothold in India


5 Hidden Features Of Android Smartphone
The largest mobile operating system platform is full of hidden tricks and features....
8 Facebook Tricks That You Must Know
It's time to start using Facebook like a pro....
Top 5 Games For Android Smartphones
Here are top free games that you can enjoy on your Android device....
4 Chrome Extensions To Get The Most Out Of Gmail
You can boost productivity of Gmail by using these extensions....
Top 5 Smartphones That You Can Buy Under Rs 7,000
Are you planning to buy a mid-range smartphone with good performance? Here are your choices!...
13 Run Prompt Shortcuts That You Must Know
Run commands can save lot of your time and help you troubleshoot, customize your Windows....
5 Most Powerful People In Tech World
Here are some personalities, who are most influential in technology landscape....
Top 5 Products Open Sourced By Tech Giants
Releasing internal products to the open-source community is the new trend followed by technology giants....
Top 10 Interesting Facts About Microsoft Windows
World's largest operating system just turned 30 years old....
Top 5 Phones With 3GB RAM Under Rs 15,000
Here are top 5 affordable performance phones that you can buy today....
8 Hidden Features Of iOS 9
Find out 8 interesting things you didn't know you could do with your iPhone....
Here's How You Can Get New Google+
Google has pushed a newly designed version of it's social networking platform for users....
15 Toughest Questions Asked In Apple Interview
Eying for your dream job at Apple? Find out how many questions you can answer....
6 Things You May Not Know About Google Nexus 5X
Google's latest flagship Nexus device starts at Rs 31,900/-...
6 Reasons Snapdragon 820 Will Change Smartphones In 2016
The chip manufacturing industry leader, Qualcomm has unveiled it's next generation smartphone processor....
  View All
Meet Pranjal Saxena, India's 21 Year Old Electronics Wizard
Milan Ondhia of EFYTimes was in a forthright conversation with the 21 year old Pranjal Saxena from New Delhi; an aspirant at the WorldSkills meet, in ...
“We Offer Managed Document Solutions To CIO And IT Decision Makers”: Canon
Manufacturing within the country will surely reduce the cost of our devices, but manufacturing can begin only if there is the desired eco-system and w...
“One Day The End User Can Open Up A Used Battery, And Use What’s Inside As Barbecue Sauce”
Of course that is not something currently possible, but what B&B Batteries does have are some secret recipes for their very specialised battery design...
We Wish To Procure All The LED Components Within India: Avni Energy
G. Gururaja, director, Avni Energy Solutions Pvt Ltd, shares his views about the expanding LED industry in the Indian market and the company's plans i...
We Have Registered 50 Per Cent Growth In The Last Two Years: Arihant Lighting
Apart from LEDs, Arihant is associated with the promotion of renewable energy in India and therefore, manufactures various energy saving products....
  View All
First Look: LG Optimus G
The phone sports a high-end display and comes powered by a powerful processor. ...
Create QR-Codes For Free
TEC-IT releases the freeware QR-Code Studio to provide a quick and convenient way of QR code creation for every application scenario....
DoT Secretary Shares Plans For Growth Of Telecom Sector
M.F. Farooqui has recently taken charge as secretary, Department of Telecom....
Hands-On: Sony Xperia Z
Xperia Z is Sony's first entrant model in the big-screen smartphone category. ...
Hands On: Videocon A30 Smartphone
Videocon, the consumer electronics company which is known for its refrigerators, washing machine and air-conditioner has unveiled its Android-based sm...
View All
IFA 2014
IFA 2014: LG Launches 34-Inches Curved Monitor
The company is yet to confirm price and availability of the device....
IFA 2014: Intel Launches First Core M Range Of Processors
This range of processors is tailor-made for 2-in-1 devices which include a tablet and a laptop....
MWC 2014: Tablet Lets People Feel Textures On Its Screen
Now feel what you see on your tablet, by way of ultrasonic waves....
MWC 2014: 4K Android Tablet Games To Kill Consoles, iPad
Tablet makers like Samsung want to beat the iPad by making 4K tabs. ...
MWC 2014: This Vodafone Backpack Helps Get Network In Disaster Situations
Two engineers of Vodafone New Zealand displayed the "mini" mobile network by Vodafone substructure in a backpack. ...
MWC 2014: Wilocity Chipset To Bring 'Lightening' Speed To Mobile Phones
Wilocity has developed a WiGig chipset for mobile phones that will bring lightning-fast wireless capability ...
MWC 2014: Samsung Introduces Octacore, Hexacore Chipsets
The Korean giant, Samsung unveiled two new octacore and hexacore chipsets at MWC 2014, in Barcelona. The company previously used Exynos 5 Octa 5410 ch...
View All
19th Consumer Electronic Imaging Fair To Be Held On ...

View All

home archives contact us advertise with us
Magazines Portals Directories Events News Verticals Educational Institute  
Electronics for You
Open Source for You
Electronics Bazaar
Electronics Annual Guide
EFY Awards
Linux & Open Source
Consumer Electronics
Science & Technology
EFY Techcenter

Educational Kits
© Copyright 2015 EFY Enterprises Pvt. Ltd.
All rights reserved. Reproduction in whole or in part in any form or medium without written permission is prohibited.
Usage of the content from the web site is subject to Terms and Conditions